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Influence of mechanical processing on utilization of corn silage by lactating dairy cows
- Dhiman, T.R., Bal, M.A., Wu, Z., Moreira, V.R., Shaver, R.D., Satter, L.D., Shinners, K.J., Walgenbach, R.P.
- Journal of dairy science 2000 v.83 no.11 pp. 2521
- dairy cows, corn silage, feed formulation, milling, particle size, body weight, milk yield, feed intake, milk fat percentage, milk fat yield, milk protein percentage, rumen fermentation, pH, ammonia, amino acids, volatile fatty acids, blood glucose, blood plasma, urea, rumen fluids, feces composition
- We conducted three experiments to determine the influence of mechanical processing on corn silage utilization by lactating dairy cows. Total mixed rations contained either unprocessed or processed corn silage harvested between 1/4 and 3/4 milk line. In trial 1, 12 multiparous Holstein cows were used in a replicated double switchback design with 21-d periods. Intake of dry matter (DM) was increased 1.2 kg/d by processing, but milk yield was unaffected. Processing did not affect apparent total-tract DM digestibility, but processing tended to lower starch and corn excretion in feces and reduced concentration of sieved corn kernel particles in feces. In trial 2, 42 Holstein cows were used in an 18-wk randomized complete-block design. Intake of DM and milk yield were unaffected by processing, but milk fat percent was increased 0.35 percentage units by processing. Processing tended to increase total-tract digestibility of starch, but reduced organic matter, crude protein, and neutral detergent fiber digestibilities. In trial 3, 30 Holstein cows were used in a 15-wk randomized complete block design. There was no influence of mechanical processing on intake or lactation performance in this trial. Despite indications of increased starch digestion in two trials and increased DM intake in one trial, effects of processing corn silage on lactation performance were minimal with corn silage at the maturity and moisture contents used in these trials.