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Fabrication of individual scaffolds based on a patient-specific alveolar bone defect model

Li, Jinghui, Zhang, Lei, Lv, Shengyi, Li, Shengjie, Wang, Na, Zhang, Zhenting
Journal of biotechnology 2011 v.151 no.1 pp. 87-93
adults, biocompatibility, biotechnology, bone marrow, computed tomography, humans, manufacturing, mechanical properties, models, patients, porosity, stem cells, tissue engineering, tricalcium phosphate
Fabricating individualized tissue engineering scaffolds based on the three-dimensional shape of patient bone defects is required for the successful clinical application of bone tissue engineering. However, there are currently no reported studies of individualized bone tissue engineering scaffolds that truly reproduce a patient-specific bone defect. We fabricated individualized tissue engineering scaffolds based on alveolar bone defects. The individualized poly(lactide-co-glycolide) and tricalcium phosphate composite scaffolds were custom-made by acquiring the three-dimensional model through computed tomography, which was input into the computer-aided low-temperature deposition manufacturing system. The three-dimensional shape of the fabricated scaffold was identical to the patient-specific alveolar bone defects, with an average macropore diameter of 380μm, micropore diameters ranging from 3 to 5μm, and an average porosity of 87.4%. The mechanical properties of the scaffold were similar to adult cancellous bone. Scaffold biocompatibility was confirmed by attachment and proliferation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. Successful realization of individualized scaffold fabrication will enable clinical application of tissue-engineered bone at an early date.