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Enhanced Platelet Reactivity in Cats Experimentally Infected with Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus

Boudreaux, M. K., Weiss, R. C., Toivio-Kinnucan, M., Cox, N., Spano, J. S.
cats, serotonin, blood coagulation, blood platelets, platelet aggregation
Platelet function was evaluated in six specific-pathogen-free cats prior to and following intraperitoneal inoculation with feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV). By 4 days post-inoculation, platelet samples from five of six cats responded with irreversible platelet aggregation to threshold concentrations of adenosine diphosphate (ADP). This was accompanied by enhanced platelet ¹⁴C-serotonin release (>10%) in two cats. Compared to one of six baseline samples, five of five post-inoculation samples exhibited microaggregate formation in response to 20 μml;M epinephrine. Enhanced platelet ¹⁴C-serotonin release did not accompany these responses. Enhanced platelet responses to ADP and epinephrine were also observed on day 11 post-inoculation and day 16 (when one cat died) or 21 (the end of the study). Platelet ¹⁴C-serotonin release in response to 20 μml;M epinephrine increased markedly in three of five cats on day 21. Enhanced collagen-induced platelet responses were not demonstrated. Although the mechanism for the enhanced platelet responses observed on day 4 was unknown, a direct effect of the virus on platelets, mononuclear inflammatory cells, and endothelial cells must be considered.