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Alterations in Pulmonary Morphology and Peripheral Coagulation Profiles Caused by Intratracheal Inoculation of Live and Ultraviolet Light-killed Pasteurella haemolytica A1 in Calves

Whiteley, L. O., Maheswaran, S. K., Weiss, D. J., Ames, T. R.
calves, Mannheimia haemolytica, lungs, macrophages, blood coagulation, histopathology, pathophysiology
Eighteen male Holstein calves were divided into groups of three and inoculated intratracheally with 5 x 10⁹ logarithmic phase or ultraviolet light-killed Pasteurella haemolytica biotype A serotype 1. Serial coagulation profiles were done on one calf from each group during the first 24 hours after inoculation. One calf from each group was necropsied at 4, 12, and 24 hours after inoculation and lesions were characterized with light and transmission electron microscopy. We found that 1) the pulmonary intravascular macrophage may have an important role in the early intravascular inflammatory events; 2) there was morphologic evidence for local initation of the coagulation cascade in the lung early in the disease process but it was not a consumptive process; and 3) killed-bacteria were capable of causing fibrin exudation, platelet aggregation and alveolar epithelial damage similar to live bacteria, but the degenerative changes in neutrophils, endothelial cells and intravascular fibrin formation that occur with live bacteria were not seen.