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Purification of iron superoxide dismutase from the cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica Lemm. and localization of the enzyme in heterocysts by immunogold labeling

Canini, A., Civitareale, P., Marini, S., Caiola, M.G., Rotilio, G.
Planta 1992 v.187 no.4 pp. 438-444
Anabaena cylindrica, enzyme activity, plant products, superoxide dismutase, separation, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, purification, rabbits, antibodies, immunization, biomedical research
Iron superoxide dismutase (Fe-SOD; EC was isolated from the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica Lemm. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis separated the purified protein into three closely running, enzymatically active bands. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated by gel filtration to be about 40 kDa. Polyclonal antibodies were produced by immunization of rabbits with the isolated enzyme, and were purified on a column of protein A-Sepharose. The Fe-SOD antibody reacted with the purified Fe-SOD and also specifically recognized the protein in extracts of A. cylindrica. In the extracts, anti-Fe-SOD did not cross-react with Mn-SOD, an enzyme which belongs to an SOD class displaying high homology of primary and three-dimensional structure with respect to Fe-SOD. Iron superoxide dismutase was localized in heterocysts by immunogold labeling and transmission electron microscopy. These results are the first in-situ evidence for the presence of SOD in the cells specialized for nitrogenase activity.