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Demographic analyses of organophosphate-resistant and susceptible strains of greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum, on three cotton cultivars

Omer, A.D., Leigh, T.F., Carey, J.R., Granett, J.
Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 1992 v.65 no.1 pp. 21-30
Gossypium, Trialeurodes vaporariorum, adulthood, adults, cotton, cultivars, eggs, fecundity, females, laboratory experimentation, larvae, life history, longevity, males, oviposition, pupae, reproductive fitness
Laboratory experiments were conducted using organophosphate-resistant and susceptible strains of greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood, to assess age-specific vital rates in individually-held adults, and development and survival in preadults on three cotton cultivars at 27 ± 1 °C, 50 ± 10% RH, and a photoperiod of 16:8 (L:D). Female whiteflies lived longer than males, with a maximum life expectancy of 29 days. Heaviest egg laying occurred at ages between 7 and 18 days when individual whiteflies laid > 10 eggs/day. Greenhouse whitefly populations doubled weekly, with stable age distribution of 63% eggs, 28% larvae, 5% pupae, and 4% adults. Analysis of various life history parameters that combine aspects of survival, developmental rates, and fecundity indicated no consistent differences in reproductive fitness between the two greenhouse whitefly strains. Of the three cotton cultivars tested, Pima S-6 was most susceptible, Acala SJ-2 was intermediate and Gumbo 500 was most resistant to greenhouse whitefly. Resistance of Gumbo 500 was expressed as slower developmental rates, reduced survival to adulthood, lower reproductive rates, and lower intrinsic rate of increase.