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piggyBac transposition into primordial germ cells is an efficient tool for transgenesis in chickens

Park, Tae Sub, Han, Jae Yong
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2012 v.109 no.24 pp. 9337-9341
biotechnology, chickens, chicks, chromosomes, gene expression, germ cells, heterozygosity, medicine, poultry production, progeny, quails, transgenes, transgenic animals, transposition (genetics)
Transgenic birds embody one of the most potent and exciting research tools in biotechnology for agriculture, medicine, and model animals. To date, retrovirus- or lentivirus-mediated transgenesis has been established in chickens and quail. However, despite having a valid technique for viral transduction to achieve transgenic birds, many obstacles exist for practical applications because of relatively low and variable rates of germ-line transmission and transgenic offspring showing transgene silencing, as well as safety issues related to viral vector use. Thus, the generation of transgenic poultry by nonviral integration is a prerequisite for the introduction of biotechnology to practical applications. Herein, we show that a germ-line–competent chicken primordial germ-cell (PGC) line was established with high efficiency of transmission to offspring and that piggyBac transposition into PGCs improved the efficiency of transgenic chicken production and led to high-level transgene expression. GFP transgene-expressing donor PGC-transferred recipient chickens produced donor-derived progenies, and the germ-line transmission efficiency of donor PGCs was 95.2% on average. Subsequently, half of the donor-derived offspring (52.2%) were transgenic chicks because GFP-expressing donor PGCs, in which a transgene was inserted into one chromosome 20, were heterozygous. In all of the transgenic chickens, GFP expression was constant and strong, regardless of age. Our results demonstrate that piggyBa c transposition into the chicken PGC line could be the surest way to generate transgenic chickens safely for practical applications.