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Long-range exciton dissociation in organic solar cells

Author:
Caruso, Domenico, Troisi, Alessandro
Source:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2012 v.109 no.34 pp. 13498-13502
ISSN:
0027-8424
Subject:
dissociation, electron transfer, electrons, models, photovoltaic cells
Abstract:
It is normally assumed that electrons and holes in organic solar cells are generated by the dissociation of excitons at the interface between donor and acceptor materials in strongly bound hole-electron pairs. We show in this contribution that excitons can dissociate tens of angstroms away from the interface and generate partially separated electrons and holes, which can more easily overcome their coulombic attraction and form free charges. We first establish under what conditions long-range exciton dissociation is likely (using a kinetic model and a microscopic model for the calculation of the long-range electron transfer rate). Then, defining a rather general model Hamiltonian for the donor material, we show that the phenomenon is extremely common in the majority of polymer:fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells.
Agid:
1722245