Main content area

Thermal and acido-basic stability of antioxidant properties of extracts from cereal and pseudocereal grains

Maliar, Tibor, Maliarová, Mária, Kraic, Ján, Ondrejovič, Miroslav, Pšenáková, Ivana, Havrlentová, Michaela
Biologia 2012 v.68 no.1 pp. 99-104
antioxidant activity, barley, bleaching, buckwheat, cultivars, flavonoids, functional foods, functional properties, genotype, human physiology, manufacturing, models, oats, phenolic acids, polyphenols, raw materials, secondary metabolites, wheat, whole grain foods
Beneficial effects of whole grains of cereals and pseudocereals and their fractions to human physiology are well known and broadly published. Especially secondary metabolites, dominantly from the category of phenolics (or polyphenols), beneficially influence the health physiology and/or prevent disease progress. Within the frame of this study, ten genotypes of four cereals or pseudocereals, respectively, were chosen for their antioxidant activity, determined by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and β-carotene-linoleic acid bleaching model (BCLM) mechanisms. Tested genotypes were selected from primary collection based on their antioxidant activity values, as well as higher level of flavonoids or phenolic acids. The stability of antioxidant properties after thermic, acidic, and basic treatments was evaluated. The oat cultivar Sirene and buckwheat cultivar Bogatyr expressed high level of the antioxidant activity, but they lost it due to all types of treatment. Oppositely, treatments increased antioxidant activities in some samples, especially in oat cultivar Maris Oberon, wheat cultivar Ines and Karolinum, or partially in barley cultivars Kompakt (after basic treatment) and Jubilant (acidic and basic treatments). The lack of the antioxidant activity could be observed due to destruction of the key compounds responsible for the antioxidant effect, whereas the increasing activity could be seen due to release of the aglycons from glycosidic forms after treatment. The stability of antioxidant properties could be a valuable parameter of the raw material for manufacturing special foods with functional properties.