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PAI-1–regulated extracellular proteolysis governs senescence and survival in Klotho mice

Eren, Mesut, Boe, Amanda E., Murphy, Sheila B., Place, Aaron T., Nagpal, Varun, Morales-Nebreda, Luisa, Urich, Daniela, Quaggin, Susan E., Budinger, G. R. Scott, Mutlu, Gökhan M., Miyata, Toshio, Vaughan, Douglas E.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014 v.111 no.19 pp. 7090-7095
cell senescence, genes, longevity, mice, phenotype, plasminogen activator inhibitors, proteinase inhibitors, proteolysis, serine proteinases
Cellular senescence restricts the proliferative capacity of cells and is accompanied by the production of several proteins, collectively termed the “senescence-messaging secretome” (SMS). As senescent cells accumulate in tissue, local effects of the SMS have been hypothesized to disrupt tissue regenerative capacity. Klotho functions as an aging-suppressor gene, and Klotho -deficient (kl/kl) mice exhibit an accelerated aging-like phenotype that includes a truncated lifespan, arteriosclerosis, and emphysema. Because plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a serine protease inhibitor (SERPIN), is elevated in kl/kl mice and is a critical determinant of replicative senescence in vitro, we hypothesized that a reduction in extracellular proteolytic activity contributes to the accelerated aging-like phenotype of kl/kl mice. Here we show that PAI-1 deficiency retards the development of senescence and protects organ structure and function while prolonging the lifespan of kl/kl mice. These findings indicate that a SERPIN-regulated cell-nonautonomous proteolytic cascade is a critical determinant of senescence in vivo.