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First light of the Gemini Planet Imager

Author:
Macintosh, Bruce, Graham, James R., Ingraham, Patrick, Konopacky, Quinn, Marois, Christian, Perrin, Marshall, Poyneer, Lisa, Bauman, Brian, Barman, Travis, Burrows, Adam S., Cardwell, Andrew, Chilcote, Jeffrey, De Rosa, Robert J., Dillon, Daren, Doyon, Rene, Dunn, Jennifer, Erikson, Darren, Fitzgerald, Michael P., Gavel, Donald, Goodsell, Stephen, Hartung, Markus, Hibon, Pascale, Kalas, Paul, Larkin, James, Maire, Jerome, Marchis, Franck, Marley, Mark S., McBride, James, Millar-Blanchaer, Max, Morzinski, Katie, Norton, Andrew, Oppenheimer, B. R., Palmer, David, Patience, Jennifer, Pueyo, Laurent, Rantakyro, Fredrik, Sadakuni, Naru, Saddlemyer, Leslie, Savransky, Dmitry, Serio, Andrew, Soummer, Remi, Sivaramakrishnan, Anand, Song, Inseok, Thomas, Sandrine, Wallace, J. Kent, Wiktorowicz, Sloane, Wolff, Schuyler
Source:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014 v.111 no.35 pp. 12661-12666
ISSN:
0027-8424
Subject:
image analysis, optics, orbits, probability, spectral analysis
Abstract:
The Gemini Planet Imager is a dedicated facility for directly imaging and spectroscopically characterizing extrasolar planets. It combines a very high-order adaptive optics system, a diffraction-suppressing coronagraph, and an integral field spectrograph with low spectral resolution but high spatial resolution. Every aspect of the Gemini Planet Imager has been tuned for maximum sensitivity to faint planets near bright stars. During first-light observations, we achieved an estimated H band Strehl ratio of 0.89 and a 5-σ contrast of 10 ⁶ at 0.75 arcseconds and 10 ⁵ at 0.35 arcseconds. Observations of Beta Pictoris clearly detect the planet, Beta Pictoris b, in a single 60-s exposure with minimal postprocessing. Beta Pictoris b is observed at a separation of 434 ± 6 milliarcseconds (mas) and position angle 211.8 ± 0.5°. Fitting the Keplerian orbit of Beta Pic b using the new position together with previous astrometry gives a factor of 3 improvement in most parameters over previous solutions. The planet orbits at a semimajor axis of [Formula] near the 3:2 resonance with the previously known 6-AU asteroidal belt and is aligned with the inner warped disk. The observations give a 4% probability of a transit of the planet in late 2017.
Agid:
1787037