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Plasmonic nanoparticle scattering for color holograms

Montelongo, Yunuen, Tenorio-Pearl, Jaime Oscar, Williams, Calum, Zhang, Shuang, Milne, William Ireland, Wilkinson, Timothy David
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014 v.111 no.35 pp. 12679-12683
X-ray diffraction, color, lighting, nanoparticles, silver, wavelengths, white light
This work presents an original approach to create holograms based on the optical scattering of plasmonic nanoparticles. By analogy to the diffraction produced by the scattering of atoms in X-ray crystallography, we show that plasmonic nanoparticles can produce a wave-front reconstruction when they are sampled on a diffractive plane. By applying this method, all of the scattering characteristics of the nanoparticles are transferred to the reconstructed field. Hence, we demonstrate that a narrow-band reconstruction can be achieved for direct white light illumination on an array of plasmonic nanoparticles. Furthermore, multicolor capabilities are shown with minimal cross-talk by multiplexing different plasmonic nanoparticles at subwavelength distances. The holograms were fabricated from a single subwavelength thin film of silver and demonstrate that the total amount of binary information stored in the plane can exceed the limits of diffraction and that this wavelength modulation can be detected optically in the far field.