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Estrogen-related receptor α decreases RHOA stability to induce orientated cell migration
- Sailland, Juliette, Tribollet, Violaine, Forcet, Christelle, Billon, Cyrielle, Barenton, Bruno, Carnesecchi, Julie, Bachmann, Alice, Gauthier, Karine Cécile, Yu, Shan, Giguéère, Vincent, Chan, Franky L., Vanacker, Jean-Marc
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014 v.111 no.42 pp. 15108-15113
- aggression, cell movement, guanosinetriphosphatase, metastasis, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, prognosis
- Several physiopathological processes require orientated cellular migration. This phenomenon highly depends on members of the RHO family of GTPases. Both excessive and deficient RHO activity impair directional migration. A tight control is thus exerted on these proteins through the regulation of their activation and of their stability. Here we show that the estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) directly activates the expression of TNFAIP1 , the product of which [BTB/POZ domain-containing adapter for Cullin3-mediated RhoA degradation 2 (BACURD2)] regulates RHOA protein turnover. Inactivation of the receptor leads to enhanced RHOA stability and activation. This results in cell disorientation, increased actin network, and inability to form a lamellipodium at the migration edge. As a consequence, directional migration, but not cell motility per se, is impaired in the absence of the receptor, under pathological as well as physiological conditions. Altogether, our results show that the control exerted by ERRα on RHOA stability is required for directional migration.