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Solventless Delignification of Wood Flour with TiO₂/poly(ethylene oxide) Photocatalyst System

Author:
Miyata, Yuuki, Miyazaki, Kensuke, Miura, Masahiro, Shimotori, Yasutaka, Aoyama, Masakazu, Nakatani, Hisayuki
Source:
Journal of polymers and the environment 2013 v.21 no.1 pp. 115-121
ISSN:
1566-2543
Subject:
Picea glehnii, cell walls, crosslinking, delignification, ethylene oxide, lignin, models, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, photocatalyst, photolysis, titanium dioxide, vanillin, wood flour
Abstract:
A novel solventless delignification of a defatted Picea glehnii wood flour sample was performed using a TiO₂/polyethylene oxide (PEO) photocatalyst system. A cell wall structure of the wood flour was directly observed, showing that its lignin fraction was removed by the photodegradation. The total lignin amount was slightly decreased as compared with that of the pristine sample, and the vanillin formation was confirmed by the ¹H-NMR measurement. The TiO₂ worked as a radical initiator, and simultaneously acid and aldehyde compounds produced by the PEO photolysis did as an accelerator for the solventless delignification. Although the photocatalyst system showed high delignification activity even for a low molecular lignin model, the delignification of the wood flour sample was confined to the surface. It was found that the suppressed delignification behavior was due to crosslinked structure of lignin.
Agid:
191324