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Chemostat study of xylitol production by Candida guilliermondii

Granstrom, T., Ojamo, H., Leisola, M.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2001 v.55 no.1 pp. 36-42
Meyerozyma guilliermondii, NAD (coenzyme), acetates, aerobic conditions, agitation, enzyme activity, ethanol, glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, glycerol, metabolites, oxygen, pentose phosphate cycle, xylitol, xylose
The mechanism of production of xylitol from xylose by Candida guilliermondii was studied using chemostat cultures and enzymatic assays. The maximum dilution rate in aerobic conditions was 0.34 1/h. No xylitol was produced. Under oxygen-limited conditions xylose uptake was impaired and glycerol accumulated but no xylitol was detected. Under transient oxygen limitation, caused by a gradual decrease in the agitation rate, onset of xylitol, acetate and residual xylose accumulation occurred simultaneously when qo2 dropped below 25 mmol/C-mmol cell weight (CDW) per hour. Ethanol and glycerol started to accumulate when q02 dropped below 20 mmol/C-mmol CDW per hour. The highest in vitro enzyme activities were found at the lowest dilution rate studied (0.091/h) under aerobic conditions. The amount of active enzymes or cofactor availability did not limit the rate of xylose consumption. Our results confirm that a surplus of NADH during transient oxygen limitation inhibited the activity of xylitol dehydrogenase which resulted in xylitol accumulation. Phosphoglucoisomerase (E.C. and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (E.C. activities suggest re-shuttling of the metabolites into the pentose phosphate pathway.