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Compositional GC-FID analysis of the additives to PVC, focusing on the gaskets of lids for glass jars Part A Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment

Biedermann-Brem, S., Biedermann, M., Fiselier, K., Grob, K.
Food additives & contaminants 2005 v.22 no.12 pp. 1274-1284
food packaging, packaging materials, glass, jars, lids, plasticizers, poly(vinyl chloride), chemical composition, quantitative analysis, additives, transesterification, epoxides, soybean oil, linseed oil, phthalates
A gas chromatographic (FID) method is described which aims at the quantitative compositional analysis of the additives in plasticized PVC, particularly the plastisols used as gaskets for lids of glass jars. An extract of the PVC is analysed directly as well as after transesterification to ethyl esters. Transesterification enables the analysis of epoxidized soya bean and linseed oil (ESBO and ELO) as well as polyadipates. For most other additives, the shifts in the chromatogram resulting from transesterification is used to confirm the identifications made by direct analysis. In the gaskets of 69 lids from the European market used for packaging oily foods, a broad variety of plastisol compositions was found, many or possibly all of which do not comply with legal requirements. In 62% of these lids, ESBO was the principal plasticizer, whereas in 25% a phthalate had been used.