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Enzyme-Coupled Assay for {szligbeta}-Xylosidase Hydrolysis of Natural Substrates

Wagschal, Kurt, Franqui-Espiet, Diana, Lee, Charles C., Robertson, George H., Wong, Dominic W. S.
Applied and environmental microbiology 2005 v.71 no.9 pp. 5318
Thermoanaerobacterium, thermophilic bacteria, xylan 1,4-beta-xylosidase, enzyme activity, assays, xylose, xylooligosaccharides, enzymatic hydrolysis, spectrophotometers, hemicellulose
We describe here a new enzyme-coupled assay for the quantitation of D-xylose using readily available enzymes that allows kinetic evaluation of hemicellulolytic enzymes using natural xylooligosaccharide substrates. Hydrogen peroxide is generated as an intermediary analyte, which allows flexibility in the choice of the chromophore or fluorophore used as the final reporter. Thus, we present D-xylose quantitation results for solution-phase assays performed with both the fluorescent reporter resorufin, generated from N-acetyl-3,7-dihydroxyphenoxazine (Amplex Red), and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS), whose corresponding radical cation has an absorbance maximum at [approximately]400 nm. We also describe a useful solid-phase variation of the assay performed with the peroxidase substrate 3,3'-diaminobenzidine tetrahydrochloride, which produces an insoluble brown precipitate. In addition, kinetic parameters for hydrolysis of the natural substrates xylobiose and xylotriose were obtained using this assay for a glycosyl hydrolase family 39 {szligbeta}-xylosidase from Thermoanaerobacterium sp. strain JW/SL YS485 (Swiss-Prot accession no. O30360). At higher xylobiose substrate concentrations the enzyme showed an increase in the rate indicative of transglycosylation, while for xylotriose marked substrate inhibition was observed. At lower xylobiose concentrations k[subscript cat] was 2.7 ± 0.4 s⁻¹, K[subscript m] was 3.3 ± 0.7 mM, and k[subscript cat]/K[subscript m] was 0.82 ± 0.21 mM⁻¹ · s⁻¹. Nonlinear curve fitting to a substrate inhibition model showed that for xylotriose K[subscript i] was 1.7 ± 0.1 mM, k[subscript cat] was 2.0 ± 0.1 s⁻¹, K[subscript m] was 0.144 ± 0.011 mM, and k[subscript cat]/K[subscript m] was 14 ± 1.3 mM⁻¹ · s⁻¹.