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Improvement of Candida sake biocontrol activity against post-harvest decay by the addition of ammonium molybdate
- Nunes, C., Usall, J., Teixido, N., Vinas, I.
- Journal of applied microbiology 2002 v.92 no.5 pp. 927-935
- Botrytis cinerea, Candida sake, Penicillium expansum, Rhizopus stolonifer, air, antagonists, apples, biological control, biomass, disease control, gray mold, molybdates, oxygen, postharvest diseases
- Aim: To improve the efficacy of Candida sake by adding ammonium molybdate to control post-harvest decay in Golden Delicious apples. Methods and Results: In laboratory trials, C. sake 2 x 10(6) cfu ml(-1) plus 5 mmol l(-1) ammonium molybdate greatly reduced Penicillium expansum, Botrytis cinerea or Rhizopus stolonifer in apples stored at 20 degrees C for 7 days, and reduced by more than 90% blue and grey mould in apples stored at 1 degrees C for 60 days. The consistency of these results was maintained in semi-commercial trials at 1 degrees C in air and in a low oxygen atmosphere for 120 days. The pre-harvest application of C. sake 2 x 10(7) cfu ml(-1) plus 1 mmol l(-1) ammonium molybdate did not improve post-harvest biocontrol of blue mould. The population of C. sake significantly decreased in the presence of ammonium molybdate in apple wounds. Conclusion: The addition of ammonium molybdate at 5 mmol l(-1) to C. sake enhanced the efficacy of the antagonist to control post-harvest diseases on apples. Significance and Impact of the Study: Ammonium molybdate significantly reduces the amount of C. sake biomass required to achieve post-harvest disease control, with a consequent reduction in costs. This may be useful in the industrial production of C. sake.