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Effects of DL-2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio) butanoic acid on broilers at different dietary inclusion rates

Zou, L., Wang, D., Liu, J., Bai, Y., Liang, Z., Zhang, T.
British poultry science 2015 v.56 no.3 pp. 337-344
body weight changes, broiler chickens, chicks, diet, feed conversion, feeds, females, growth performance, males, methionine, China
A growth experiment was conducted to determine the effectiveness of liquid analogue, DL-2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio) butanoic acid (HMTBA), compared to powder DL-methionine (DLM), in commercial maize–soybean-meal broiler diets similar to those commonly used in China, on feed conversion ratio (FCR), growth performance and European Production Index (EPI) of broilers. A 4 × 2 + 1 factorial arrangement of treatments was used in which HMTBA or DLM was fed at 4 concentrations (low, medium, high and very-high inclusion rates) of supplementation at 100% equivalence on an equimolar basis. Negative control diets were commercial starter, grower and finisher feeds with no added methionine. A total of 1008 commercial-type Arbor Acres 1-d-old chicks were randomly distributed into 9 groups, with 8 replicates of 14 (7 male + 7 female) birds per treatment. The body weight gain of the control group was significantly lower than that of the others in the starter period but did not show any differences during the other periods. The FCR of the control group was higher than that of the others except for those with HMTBA in the grower period. It was also observed that the FCR dropped as the supplemented concentration of methionine was increased regardless of the source. Some of the treatment groups produced a better breast yield than the control. The EPI between the two products did not show any significant difference. In conclusion, both of the methionine sources were equally effective in ameliorating the effects of a dietary deficiency of total sulphur amino acids.