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Fluorescence-Based Comparative Evaluation of Bactericidal Potency and Food Application Potential of Anti-listerial Bacteriocin Produced by Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Indigenous Samples

Singh, Atul Kumar, Mukherjee, Sandipan, Adhikari, Manab Deb, Ramesh, Aiyagari
Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins 2012 v.4 no.2 pp. 122-132
Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactococcus, Listeria monocytogenes, Pediococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, antibacterial properties, cucumbers, culture filtrates, dried fish, fermented foods, genes, lactic acid bacteria, paneer, plantaricins, polymerase chain reaction
The aim of the present study was to ascertain the potency of anti-listerial bacteriocin produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from indigenous samples of dahi, dried fish, and salt-fermented cucumber. A total of 231 LAB isolates were obtained from the samples, of which 51 isolates displayed anti-listerial activity. The anti-listerial LAB were identified by PCR as Lactobacillus sp., Pediococcus sp., Enterococcus sp., and Lactococcus sp. PCR also enabled the detection of Class IIa bacteriocin-encoding genes such as enterocin A, pediocin, and plantaricin A in some of the LAB isolates. The culture filtrate from anti-listerial LAB isolates demonstrated bacteriocin-like inhibitory substance (BLIS) against common Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, and Bacillus cereus, and partial characterization of BLIS confirmed the production of bacteriocin by the LAB isolates. Sensitive fluorescence-based assays employing specific probes indicated the comparative potencies of the bacteriocin and clearly revealed the membrane-targeted anti-listerial activity of the purified bacteriocin produced by selected LAB isolates. The food application potential of plantaricin A produced by a native isolate Lactobacillus plantarum CRA52 was evidenced as the bacteriocin suppressed the growth of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A inoculated in paneer samples that were stored at 8 °C for 5 days.