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Critical evaluation of buffering solutions for pKa determination by capillary electrophoresis

Fuguet, Elisabet, Reta, Mario, Gibert, Carme, Rosés, Martí, Bosch, Elisabeth, Ràfols, Clara
Electrophoresis 2008 v.29 no.13 pp. 2841-2851
acetates, acetic acid, amines, ammonia, boric acid, buffers, capillary electrophoresis, pH, phenols, pyridines
The performance of the most common and also some other less common CE buffers has been tested for the pKa determination of several types of compounds (pyridine, amines, and phenols). The selected buffers cover a pH ranging from 3.7 to 11.8. Whereas some buffers, like acetic acid/acetate, BisTrisH⁺/BisTris, TrisH⁺/Tris, CHES/CHES⁻, and CAPS/CAPS⁻ can be used with all type of analytes, others like ammonium/ammonia, butylammonium/butylammonia, ethylammonium/ethylammonia, diethylammonium/diethylammonia, and hydrogenphosphate/phosphate are not recommended because they interact with a wide range of compounds. The rest of the tested buffers (dihydrogenphosphate/hydrogenphosphate, MES/MES⁻, HEPES/HEPES⁻, and boric acid/borate) can show specific interactions depending on the nature of the analytes, and their use in some applications should be restricted.