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Electrophoresis of a charge-regulated toroid normal to a large disk

Hsu, Jyh-Ping, Kuo, Chao-Chung, Ku, Ming-Hong
Electrophoresis 2008 v.29 no.2 pp. 348-357
Anabaenopsis, electric field, electrophoresis, mathematical models, plasmids
The electrophoresis of a charge-regulated toroid (doughnut-shaped entity) normal to a large disk is investigated under the conditions of low surface potential and weak applied electric field. The system considered is capable of modeling the electrophoretic behavior of various types of biocolloids such as bacterial DNA, plasmid DNA, and anabaenopsis near a perfectly conducting planar wall. The influences of the size of the toroid, the separation distance between the toroid and the disk, the charged conditions on the surfaces of the toroid and the disk, and the thickness of electric double layer on the electrophoretic mobility of the toroid are discussed. The results of numerical simulation reveal that under typical conditions the electrophoretic behavior of the toroid can be different from that of an integrated entity. For instance, if the surface of the toroid carries both acidic and basic functional groups, its mobility may have a local maximum as the thickness of double layer varies. We show that the electrophoretic behavior of the toroid is different, both qualitatively and quantitatively, from that of the corresponding integrated particle (particle without hole).