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A new class of cleavable fluorescent nucleotides: synthesis and optimization as reversible terminators for DNA sequencing by synthesis

Turcatti, Gerardo, Romieu, Anthony, Fedurco, Milan, Tairi, Ana-Paula
Nucleic acids research 2008 v.36 no.4 pp. e25
DNA, fluorescence, hydroxyl radicals, nucleotides, sequence analysis
Fluorescent 2'-deoxynucleotides containing a protecting group at the 3'-O-position are reversible terminators enabling array-based DNA sequencing by synthesis (SBS) approaches. Herein, we describe the synthesis of a new family of 3'-OH unprotected cleavable fluorescent 2'-deoxynucleotides and their evaluation as reversible terminators for high-throughput DNA SBS strategies. In this first version, all four modified nucleotides bearing a cleavable disulfide Alexa Fluor® 594 dye were assayed for their ability to act as a reversible stop for the incorporation of the next labeled base. Their use in SBS leaded to a signal-no signal output after successive addition of each labeled nucleotide during the sequencing process (binary read-out). Solid-phase immobilized synthetic DNA target sequences were used to optimize the method that has been applied to DNA polymerized colonies or clusters obtained by in situ solid-phase amplification of fragments of genomic DNA templates.