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Growth and intestinal morphology in cobia (Rachycentron canadum) fed extruded diets with two types of soybean meal partly replacing fish meal
- ROMARHEIM, O.H., ZHANG, C., PENN, M., LIU, Y.-J., TIAN, L.-X., SKREDE, A., KROGDAHL, Å., STOREBAKKEN, T.
- Aquaculture nutrition 2008 v.14 no.2 pp. 174-180
- Rachycentron canadum, diet, enteritis, feed conversion, feed intake, fish, fish meal, intestines, juveniles, soybean meal, specific growth rate
- Juvenile cobias, Rachycentron canadum, were fed extruded diets containing toasted defatted soybean meal (SBM) or untoasted defatted SBM [white flakes (WF)] to study growth and feed conversion, and to study if SBM induces morphological changes in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Three diets were produced: a fish meal-based control diet (FM diet) with 558 g FM kg⁻¹, and two diets with 335 g FM and either 285 g SBM kg⁻¹ (SBM diet) or 285 g WF kg⁻¹ (WF diet). The diets were extruded at approximately 120°C with 280 g kg⁻¹ moisture. Triplicate groups of cobias (mean weight: 25.9 g) were fed the diets during 6 weeks. Feed intake of the FM and SBM diets were not significantly different, whereas the cumulative feed intake of cobias fed the WF diet was lower (P < 0.05) than that of cobias fed the FM and SBM diets after the first 21-day period. Specific growth rate and feed conversion ratio were not significantly different between cobias fed the FM and SBM diets, but significantly poorer results were obtained in cobias fed the WF diet. No morphological differences in the GI tract could be attributed to the diets, and cobias fed soy did not develop enteritis in the distal intestine.