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Influence of several non-nutrient additives on nonspecific immunity and growth of juvenile turbot, Scophthalmus maximus L
- LI, Y., WANG, Y.J., WANG, L., JIANG, K.Y.
- Aquaculture nutrition 2008 v.14 no.5 pp. 387-395
- Scophthalmus maximus, additive effect, additives, bile acids, cell walls, diet, feed conversion, immunity, juveniles, lysozyme, phagocytes, specific growth rate, superoxide dismutase, turbot, xylooligosaccharides, yeasts
- The effects of three non-nutrient additives on nonspecific immunity and growth of juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) were studied in this feeding experiment. The five treatments are basal diet alone, basal diets containing three different additives [0.4 g kg⁻¹ of xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS), 1.3 g kg ⁻¹ of yeast cell wall and 0.8 g kg ⁻¹ of bile acids] individually or in combination. Two hundred and twenty-five turbots (average initial weight 151.3 ± 11.3 g) were randomly allotted in five treatments with three replicates within each treatment in a 72-day period. Comparing with basal diet group, activities of C3, C4, phagocyte, lysozyme, specific growth rate and feed conversion rate in yeast cell wall, XOS and the combined groups was enhanced significantly (P < 0.05); however, these parameters in bile acid groups were increased slightly (P > 0.05) except for phagocyte (P < 0.05); superoxide dismutase activity in additive groups was not significantly increased (P > 0.05) except for the combined group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, supplementation of yeast cell wall and XOS enhanced the nonspecific immunity of juvenile turbot. Synergistic or additive effect of the three additives was not observed.