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Rad9 plays an important role in DNA mismatch repair through physical interaction with MLH1

He, Wei, Zhao, Yun, Zhang, Chunbo, An, Lili, Hu, Zhishang, Liu, Yuheng, Han, Lu, Bi, Lijun, Xie, Zhensheng, Xue, Peng, Yang, Fuquan, Hang, Haiying
Nucleic acids research 2008 v.36 no.20 pp. 6406-6417
DNA repair, base pair mismatch, gamma radiation, humans, hydroxyurea, mice, nucleic acids, ultraviolet radiation, yeasts
Rad9 is conserved from yeast to humans and plays roles in DNA repair (homologous recombination repair, and base-pair excision repair) and cell cycle checkpoint controls. It has not previously been reported whether Rad9 is involved in DNA mismatch repair (MMR). In this study, we have demonstrated that both human and mouse Rad9 interacts physically with the MMR protein MLH1. Disruption of the interaction by a single-point mutation in Rad9 leads to significantly reduced MMR activity. This disruption does not affect S/M checkpoint control and the first round of G₂/M checkpoint control, nor does it alter cell sensitivity to UV light, gamma rays or hydroxyurea. Our data indicate that Rad9 is an important factor in MMR and carries out its MMR function specifically through interaction with MLH1.