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Protective Effects of Curcumin against Sodium Fluoride-Induced Toxicity in Rat Kidneys

Nabavi, Seyed Fazel, Moghaddam, Akbar Hajizadeh, Eslami, Shahram, Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad
Biological trace element research 2012 v.145 no.3 pp. 369-374
antioxidants, ascorbic acid, blood serum, body weight, catalase, creatinine, curcumin, glutathione, kidneys, lipid peroxidation, nephrotoxicity, protective effect, rats, sodium fluoride, superoxide dismutase, urea, urea nitrogen
In the present study, the protective effect of curcumin against sodium fluoride-induced nephrotoxicity was evaluated in rats. Renal injury was induced by daily administration of 600 ppm sodium fluoride in drinking water for 1 week. One week before the administration of fluoride, the animals selected as study group were given curcumin (10 and 20 mg/kg body weight, intraperitoneally). After 1 week, lipid peroxidation level, activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and level of glutathione in kidney homogenate were measured. Blood serum samples were examined for creatinine, serum urea, and blood urea nitrogen levels. Another group of rats received vitamin C (10 mg/kg) as standard antioxidant. The results show that curcumin and vitamin C treatment prior to fluoride administration normalized the levels of serum creatinine, serum urea, and blood urea nitrogen. Moreover, curcumin and vitamin C administrations prevented the antioxidant enzyme decreasing and lipid peroxidation levels imbalance. In conclusion, curcumin treatment at the doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg (intraperitoneally) showed significant nephroprotective effects.