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Synthesis of bis-amino acid derivatives by Suzuki cross-coupling, Michael addition and substitution reactions

Ferreira, P. M. T., Monteiro, L. S., Queiroz, M.-J. R. P., Pereira, G.
Amino acids 2009 v.36 no.3 pp. 429-436
acids, crosslinking, esters, stereochemistry, stereoisomers, yields
Several bis-amino acids were prepared using a bis-Suzuki coupling (compounds 4-8, 10), a sequential Michael addition and bis-Suzuki coupling (compounds 12, 13) and a Michael addition followed by a substitution reaction (compounds 18, 19). Thus, the pure stereoisomer of the methyl esters of N-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-β-bromodehydroaminobutyric acid and dehydrophenylalanine and of N-benzyloxycarbonyl-β-bromodehydroaminobutyric acid were reacted with 1,4-phenylene-bis-boronic acid or 9,9-dioctyl-9H-fluorene-2,7-bis-boronic acid using modified Suzuki coupling conditions. The corresponding bis-dehydroamino acid derivatives were obtained in good to high yields maintaining the stereochemistry of the starting materials. This reaction was also applied successfully to a brominated dehydrodipeptide and 1,4-phenylene-bis-boronic acid showing that it could be used to create cross-links in peptide chains. An N,N-diacyldehydroalanine derivative was used in a sequential Michael addition and bis-Suzuki coupling giving a p-terphenyl bis-amino acid and a fluorenyl bis-amino acid in good yields. Two bis-α,β-diamino acids were obtained by a Michael addition of 1,2,4-triazole to the methyl esters of N-(4-toluenesulfonyl), N-(tert-butoxycarbonyl) dehydroamino acids followed by treatment with ethylenediamine.