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Cytological studies on induced meiogynogenesis in Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus (Temminck et Schlegel)

Hou, Jilun, Sun, Zhaohui, Si, Fei, Liu, Haijin
Aquaculture research 2009 v.40 no.6 pp. 681-686
Pagrus major, Paralichthys olivaceus, adverse effects, chromosomes, cold stress, diploidy, eggs, females, flounder, gynogenesis, haploidy, insemination, meiosis, metaphase, mitosis, pronucleus, spermatozoa, ultraviolet radiation
The cytological process of induced gynogenetic development and subsequent chromosome duplication by a cold shock treatment was observed in Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus (Temminck et Schlegel). Mature eggs were at the metaphase of the second meiosis when inseminated with ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated sperm of red sea bream Pagrus major. After the beginning of cold shock treatment, the previously visible spindle became invisible, probably due to the side effect caused by cold shock treatment. The chromosomes at the centre of the metaphase plate were condensed. This condition continued during the duration of the cold shock treatment and several minutes after it. The release of the second polar body was blocked and it developed into a female-like pronucleus. Then, it fused with the female pronucleus to generate a diploid zygotic nucleus, and the egg exhibited the first mitosis. Consequently, the haploid female chromosome set of the egg was doubled by the inhibition of the second polar body release. There was a significant delay in developmental time in the gynogenetic eggs when compared with that in the normal eggs. From the time of insemination to early cleavage, the UV-irradiated heterospecific sperm nucleus remained condensed.