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Use of differently enriched rotifers, Brachionus plicatilis, during larviculture of haddock, Melanogrammus aeglefinus: effects on early growth, survival and body lipid composition
- GARCIA, A.S., PARRISH, C.C., BROWN, J.A., JOHNSON, S.C., LEADBEATER, S.
- Aquaculture nutrition 2008 v.14 no.5 pp. 431-444
- Brachionus plicatilis, Melanogrammus aeglefinus, Pavlova, arachidonic acid, body fat, docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, haddock, hatcheries, larvae, larval development, lipid composition, monounsaturated fatty acids, mortality, rearing, saturated fatty acids
- We evaluated the effects of enriched rotifers on growth, survival and on the lipid composition of haddock larvae. The treatments tested were (1) AlgaMac 2000®, (2) AquaGrow® Advantage and (3) Pavlova sp. paste and AlgaMac 2000®. The treatments did not influence larval growth rate throughout the experimental period (P = 0.70). Larvae from all treatments grew approximately 8% of their dry weight per day between 1 and 29 days post hatch (dph). Treatment 3 resulted in the best survival, estimated to be 3 on a scale from 0 to 5, whereas for the two other groups the survival estimates were 0 and 2. Rotifers from treatment 1 had low sterol concentrations, high eicosapentaenoic acid/arachidonic acid ratio and their feeding resulted in high larval mortality. Rotifers enriched with Pavlova sp. had the lowest proportions of the sum of saturated fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid and sum of ω3 and the highest proportions of the sum of monounsaturated fatty acids (ΣMUFA). This was partially reflected in larvae from treatment 3 in that they had the highest proportions of ΣMUFA and the lowest proportions of Σω3 (P < 0.0001 for both analyses). In addition, these larvae had the highest and lowest ΣC₂₀ and ΣC₂₂ polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) respectively (P < 0.0001 for both analyses). We suggest that more research with ω3 and ω6 PUFA can lead to improvements in the rearing of haddock larvae produced in hatcheries.