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Mapping of quantitative trait loci for clinical-chemical traits in swine

Reiner, G., Clemens, N., Fischer, R., Köhler, F., Berge, T., Hepp, S., Willems, H.
Animal genetics 2009 v.40 no.1 pp. 57-64
Meishan, Pietrain, Sarcocystis miescheriana, acute course, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, blood serum, calcium, chromosomes, chronic diseases, creatinine, ionization, muscles, normal values, parasites, phenotypic variation, potassium, quantitative trait loci, sodium, swine, veterinary clinics
Clinical-chemical traits are diagnostic parameters essential for characterization of health and disease in veterinary practice. The traits show significant variability and are under genetic control, but little is known about the fundamental genetic architecture of this variability, especially in swine. We have identified QTL for alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate (LAC), bilirubin (BIL), creatinine (CRE) and ionized sodium (Na⁺), potassium (K⁺) and calcium (Ca⁺⁺) from the serum of 139 F₂ pigs from a Meishan/Pietrain family before and after challenge with Sarcocystis miescheriana, a protozoan parasite of muscle. After infection, the pigs passed through three stages representing acute disease, subclinical disease and chronic disease. Forty-two QTL influencing clinical-chemical traits during these different stages were identified on 15 chromosomes. Eleven of the QTL were significant on a genome-wide level; 31 QTL were chromosome-wide significant. QTL showed specific health/disease patterns with respect to the baseline values of the traits as well as the values obtained through the different stages of disease. QTL influencing different traits at different times were found primarily on chromosomes 1, 3, 7 and 14. The most prominent QTL for the investigated clinical-chemical traits mapped to SSC3 and 7. Baseline traits of ALP, LAC, BIL, Ca⁺⁺ and K⁺ were influenced by QTL regions on SSC3, 6, 7, 8 and 13. Single QTL explained up to 21.7% of F₂ phenotypic variance. Our analysis confirms that variation of clinical-chemical traits is associated with multiple chromosomal regions.