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Removal of fermentation in hibitors from alkaline peroxide pretreated and enzymatically hydrolyzed wheat straw: Production of butanol from hydrolysate using Clostridium beijerinckii in batch reactors

Qureshi, Nasib, Saha, Badal C., Hector, Ronald E., Cotta, Michael A.
Biomass and bioenergy 2008 v.32 no.12 pp. 1353
wheat straw, peroxides, chemical treatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, butanol, batch fermentation, hydrolysates, Clostridium beijerinckii, enzyme inhibitors, glucose, plant fibers, corn, sulfuric acid, acetone, ethanol, ethanol production, biofuels
In these studies, alkaline peroxide pretreatment of wheat straw was investigated. Pretreated wheat straw was hydrolyzed using cellulolytic and xylanolytic enzymes, and the hydrolysate was used to produce butanol using Clostridium beijerinckii P260. The culture produced less than 2.59 g L-1 acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) from alkaline peroxide wheat straw hydrolysate (APWSH) that had not been treated to reduce salt concentration (a neutralization product). However, fermentation was successful after inhibitors (salts) were removed from the hydrolysate by electrodialysis. A control glucose fermentation resulted in the production of 21.37 g L-1 ABE, while salt removed APWSH resulted in the production of 22.17 g L-1 ABE. In the two fermentations, reactor productivities were 0.30 and 0.55 g L-1 h-1, respectively. A comparison of use of different substrates (corn fiber, wheat straw) and different pretreatment techniques (dilute sulfuric acid, alkaline peroxide) suggests that generation of inhibitors is substrate and pretreatment specific.