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Essential fatty acid enrichment of cultured rotifers (Brachionus plicatilis, Müller) using frozen-concentrated microalgae
- SEYCHELLES, L.H., AUDET, C., TREMBLAY, R., FOURNIER, R., PERNET, F.
- Aquaculture nutrition 2009 v.15 no.4 pp. 431-439
- Brachionus plicatilis, Chaetoceros muelleri, Isochrysis galbana, Nannochloropsis, Pavlova lutheri, diet, essential fatty acids, fish feeding, fish larvae, microalgae, molluscs, nutrients, polyunsaturated fatty acids, zooplankton
- There is a growing interest in preserving microalgal preparations to maintain constant properties over a long period. The aim is to ensure sufficient delivery of essential fatty acids (and other key nutrients) to mollusc and crustacean larvae and to zooplankton used as live prey in the first feeding of fish larvae. For example, the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis has to be enriched with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) prior to fish feeding. We used four microalgal species [Isochrysis galbana (T-ISO), Chaetoceros muelleri (CHGRA), Pavlova lutheri (MONO), and Nannochloropsis sp.] both as fresh culture or in a frozen-concentrated form to enrich rotifers. Overall, rotifers had similar relative fatty acid levels when fed the frozen-concentrated or fresh microalgal diets. The levels of 20:4n-6, 22:6n-3, and 20:5n-3 between B. plicatilis and the microalgal diets were linearly correlated. The fatty acid 20:4n-6 was the most readily assimilated: the content found in rotifers reached half the level measured in the microalgal diets. Our results indicate that both the fresh and frozen-concentrated forms of the four microalgal species can be used to enrich PUFA levels in rotifers. Further experiments should be conducted to test if assimilation differs when rotifers are enriched with mono- or multispecific microalgal preparations.