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Co2 assimilation and chlorophyll fluorescence in green versus red Berberis thunbergii leaves measured with different quality irradiation

Li, P.-M., Cheng, L., Peng, T., Gao, H.-Y.
Photosynthetica 2009 v.47 no.1 pp. 11-18
Berberis thunbergii, anthocyanins, carbon dioxide, chlorophyll, color, fluorescence, irradiation, leaves, photorespiration, photosystem II, ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase, stomatal movement
Photosynthesis, photorespiration, and chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence in green and red Berberis thunbergii leaves were studied with two different measuring radiations, red (RR) and “white” (WR). The photosynthetic and photorespiration rates responded differently to the different radiation qualities, which indicate that the carboxylase and oxygenase activities of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBPCO) were affected. Differences in photosynthetic rate between the two color leaves were less under RR than under WR. However, this reduced difference in photosynthetic rate was not correlated with the stomatal response to the measuring radiation qualities. Compared with the WR, the RR reduced the differences in dark-adapted minimum and maximum fluorescence, steady-state fluorescence, light-adapted maximum fluorescence, and actual photochemical efficiency (ΦPS₂) of photosystem 2 (PS2), but enlarged the difference in non-photochemical quenching between the two color leaves. Differences in both maximum quantum yield of PS2 and ratio of ΦPS₂ to quantum yield of CO₂ fixation between the two color leaves were similar under the two measuring radiations. To exclude disturbance of radiation attenuation caused by anthocyanins, it is better to use RR to compare the photosynthesis and Chl fluorescence in green versus red leaves.