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A patch perspective on summer habitat use by brown trout Salmo trutta in a high plains stream in Wyoming, USA

O'Connor, R.R., Rahel, F.J.
Ecology of freshwater fish 2009 v.18 no.3 pp. 473-480
Salmo trutta, fish, global positioning systems, habitat preferences, habitats, humans, macrophytes, radio telemetry, streams, summer, wood, Wyoming
We quantified the use of habitat patches by brown trout, Salmo trutta, during summer conditions in a plains stream in the western United States. A Global Positioning System was used to map discrete habitat patches (2-420 m²) consisting of macrophytes, wood accumulation, or deep water. Habitat use by brown trout was monitored by radio telemetry. Brown trout used habitat in a nonrandom manner with 99% of all daytime observations and 91% of all nighttime observations occurring in patches that consisted of combinations of deep water, wood accumulations or macrophytes even though such patches constituted only 9.8% of the available habitat. Brown trout used deep water almost exclusively during the day but broadened their habitat use at night. Most fish stayed within a large plunge pool created by a low-head dam. This pool supplemented the deep-water habitat that was naturally rare in our study area and illustrates how human modifications can sometimes create habitat patches important for stream fishes.