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Effect of dietary lysine and methionine supplementation on growth, nutrient utilization, carcass compositions and haemato-biochemical status in Indian Major Carp, Rohu (Labeo rohita H.) fed soy protein-based diet
- SARDAR, P., ABID, M., RANDHAWA, H.S., PRABHAKAR, S.K.
- Aquaculture nutrition 2009 v.15 no.4 pp. 339-346
- Labeo rohita, blood glucose, carcass composition, carp, dietary supplements, feed conversion, fingerlings, hemoglobin, lysine, methionine, nitrogen, protein content, protein efficiency ratio, soybean meal, specific growth rate, water content, weight gain
- An 8-week feeding trial was conducted in flow through system to examine the effects of dietary supplementation of lysine and methionine on growth, nutrient utilization, haemato-biochemical status and carcass compositions in Indian major carp, rohu, Labeo rohita fingerlings (average weight 6.32 ± 0.06 g). Four experimental soy protein-based diets D₀ (without lysine or methionine supplementation), D₁ (lysine supplementation alone), D₂ (methionine supplementation alone) and D₃ (both lysine and methionine supplementation) were fed to triplicate groups. l-Lysine and dl-methionine were added to the diets containing 550 g kg⁻¹ soybean meals at 4 and 7 g kg⁻¹ of dry diet respectively. Significant higher weight gain, specific growth rate (SGR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), dry matter retention, nitrogen retention, total ash retention, whole carcass protein, haemoglobin concentration, haematocrit value, total erythrocytic count, total leucocytic count, plasma glucose and plasma total protein and lower FCR, per cent lipid retention and whole body moisture content were observed in fish fed soya protein-based diet supplemented with both lysine and methionine than that of fish of other dietary groups at the end of 8 weeks feeding trial. Although fish fed diet supplemented with either methionine or lysine did not show any significant differences of growth performances, feed utilization, carcass composition and haemato-biochemical status, fish of both of these dietary groups showed significantly better growth performances, feed utilization, carcass composition and haemato-biochemical status than that of fish fed diet without lysine and methionine supplementation.