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Evaluation of practical diets containing different protein levels on gonad development of female redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus

Author:
RODRÍGUEZ-GONZÁLEZ, H., VILLARREAL, H., GARCÍA-ULLOA, M., HERNÁNDEZ-LLAMAS, A.
Source:
Aquaculture nutrition 2009 v.15 no.4 pp. 347-355
ISSN:
1353-5773
Subject:
Cherax quadricarinatus, carbohydrates, crude protein, dietary protein, energy, equations, experimental diets, females, gonadosomatic index, hepatopancreas, hepatosomatic index, lipids, oocytes
Abstract:
The effect of five experimental diets with different crude protein content (220, 270, 330, 390 and 450 g kg⁻¹) on gonad development of female Cherax quadricarinatus was tested under laboratory conditions. After 70 days, a significant linear relationship indicated that higher concentrations of protein and carbohydrates in the hepatopancreas were produced as the dietary crude protein increased (P < 0.05). There were significant responses of the gonadosomatic index, hepatosomatic index, biochemical composition of the gonad (protein, lipids, carbohydrates and energy) and frequency of secondary vitellogenic oocytes to dietary protein level, as indicated by significant fits of the quadratic equation to the observed experimental data. The optimal response of the criteria parameters corresponded to levels of crude protein in the range 284-355 g kg⁻¹. Overall, 330 g kg⁻¹ crude protein with a protein : energy ratio of 15.6 mg kJ⁻¹ was considered the most adequate concentration of dietary protein for gonad development and biochemical composition in female redclaw crayfish.
Agid:
2218661