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Growth performance and puberty attainment in growing pigs fed dietary fumonisin B₁

Gbore, F.A.
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition 2009 v.93 no.6 pp. 761-767
boars, body weight, breeding, diet, feed intake, fumonisin B1, growth performance, liveweight gain, piglets, puberty, reproductive performance, swine feeding, weanlings
Twenty-four male weaned piglets assigned to four diets containing 5.0, 10.0, 15.0 and 0.2 mg fumonisin B₁ (FB₁) /kg as diets 1, 2, 3 and control diet, respectively, were used to study the effect of dietary FB₁ on growth and puberty attainment in pigs in a 6-month feeding trial. Lower feed intake during 0-4 months and a non-significant (p > 0.05) but FB₁ concentration-dependent decrease in live and DWGs in animals fed FB₁-contaminated diets was observed at the end of the pubertal phase. The daily and the final live weight gains of animals fed diet 3 were 75.8% and 90.6%, respectively, of the control values. The mean ages at puberty by boars on diets 2 and 3 were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than those for animals on the control and diet 1. The animals on diet 3 attained puberty when mean live weight was 60.1 kg, some 30.3 days after the controls attained puberty, at 156.3 days, when the mean live weight was 46.9 kg. This study revealed that dietary FB₁ delays sexual maturity in growing pigs. Male weanling pigs for breeding should not be exposed to dietary FB₁ higher than 5 mg/kg for optimum growth and reproductive performance.