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Water Quantity Operation to Achieve Multi-Environmental Goals for a Waterfront Body

Hua, Wang, Yong, Pang
Water resources management 2009 v.23 no.10 pp. 1951-1968
mathematical models, water currents, suspended sediment, water quality, submerged aquatic plants, ecosystems, water quantity, sediment deposition, China
This paper presents a water quantity operation scheme to resolve series of environmental problems which some waterfront bodies are faced with, such as frequent water-level fluctuation, sediment deposition, water quality degradation, water transparency depravation, and submerged aquatic plant disappearing. Neijiang, which is a typical tide-influenced waterfront body located within the Changjiang Delta, China has been considered as the research area. A 2-D environmental and ecological model coupled with water current, water quality, suspended sediment, algae growth, and water transparency is established and validated against the field investigated data, and the model can well reflect the dynamic processes of these factors in Neijiang. Three water quantity operation modes including self-introducing, pumping, and keeping quiescence are proposed. Based on different kinds of water demand of Neijiang and the actual water exchange ability, detailed water quantity operation schemes under different hydrologic conditions are studied with the established numerical model, and the changes of some living condition factors after water operation are forecasted and evaluated. Results show that water exchange and sediment deposition in Neijiang are apparently reduced after water operation in different level years. In addition, the water quality and transparency in Neijiang can keep a good status, and the living environment is improved for submerged aquatic plant restoration. This study provides an example to resolve environmental problems, improve living conditions and keep a healthy ecosystem for similar waterfront bodies.