Main content area

Tevaluation of transgenic event CBH 351 (StarLink) corn in pig

Yonemochi, Chisato, Suga, Keisei, Harada, Chisato, Hanazumi, Michito
Animal science journal = 2010 v.81 no.1 pp. 94-101
blood glucose, blood proteins, blood serum, body weight, corn, diet, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, feed conversion, feed intake, genes, genetically modified organisms, histopathology, hybrids, liver, muscles, necropsy, piglets, polymerase chain reaction, swine feeding, urea nitrogen
This study examined the influence of transgenic event CBH (StarLink[trade mark sign]; SL)-derived hybrid corn on growth, health and physiological functions of pigs, as well as the possibility of transferring the cry9C gene or Cry9C protein to the blood, liver or muscles, in comparison with pigs fed a diet with non-transgenic (isogenic) corn (non-SL). The diet for the SL group was composed of 70% SL corn, and the diet for the non-SL group was composed of 70% non-SL corn. Forty pigs approximately 3 months in age were used in the current experiment. After the pigs were acclimatized to their environment for 7 days, they were fed piglet diets for 7 weeks, and afterwards fed growing-finishing diets until the end of the experiment. There were no significant differences in bodyweight gain, feed intake or feed conversion ratio between the pigs fed SL diet and those of non-SL diet. No abnormalities were observed in the health conditions of either the SL or the non-SL group. Moreover, no significant differences were observed between the two groups in hematological values, histopathological examination and necropsy findings. Although the serum biochemical values within each group were normal, the blood urea nitrogen values of the SL group showed a tendency to be slightly higher than those of the non-SL group. Also, the blood glucose values of the SL group were significantly lower than those of the non-SL group. However, the cause of the significant differences in the blood glucose values between the two groups is unknown. The PCR and ELISA did not detect the cry9C gene and Cry9C protein in the blood, liver or muscles of the pigs at the end of the experiment.