U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.


Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.


Main content area

Adenosine receptor agonists affect taurine release from mouse brain stem slices in ischemia

Saransaari, Pirjo, Oja, Simo S.
Amino acids 2010 v.38 no.5 pp. 1387-1393
adenosine, adults, agonists, antagonists, brain stem, ischemia, mice, normoxia, purinergic receptors, taurine, tritium
The release of the inhibitory amino acid taurine is markedly enhanced under ischemic conditions in both adult and developing brain stem, together with a pronounced increase in the release of the neuromodulator adenosine. We now studied the effects of adenosine receptor agonists and antagonists on [³H]taurine release in the brain stem in normoxia and ischemia, using a superfusion system. Under standard conditions, the adenosine A₁ receptor agonist N⁶-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA) potentiated basal taurine release in adult mice, which response was blocked by the antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX). CHA and the A₂a receptor agonist 2-p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenylamino-5′-N-ethylcarboxaminoadenosinehydrochloride (CGS 21680) had no effect on the release in developing mice. In ischemia, CHA depressed both basal and K⁺-stimulated taurine release in developing mice in a receptor-mediated manner, blocked by DPCPX. The A₂a receptor agonist CGS 21680 was also inhibitory. Taurine and adenosine may thus not cooperate in developing mice to prevent ischemic neuronal damage. On the other hand, CGS 21680 enhanced taurine release in the adult brain stem in ischemia, both basal and K⁺-stimulated release being affected. These effects were abolished by the antagonist 3,7-dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine (DMPX), indicating a receptor-mediated process. In this case elevated levels of taurine could be beneficial, protecting against hyperexcitation and excitotoxicity.