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Survival of plants of common sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) in competition with two companion grass species

Liu, Z., Baines, R.N., Lane, G.P.F., Davies, W.P.
Grass and forage science 2010 v.65 no.1 pp. 11-14
Festuca pratensis, Lolium perenne, Onobrychis viciifolia, containers, grasses, growing season, planting, roots, shoots, tetraploidy, winter
A 2-year experiment on competition between sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.), meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis) and tetraploid perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) was conducted using plants grown in plastic containers outdoors. Root and shoot systems of sainfoin and the grasses were separated in order to investigate full and no competition of root and shoots, at two planting ratios (0·33 grass:0·66 sainfoin and 0·66 grass:0·33 sainfoin). Survival of sainfoin plants was lower at the higher grass:sainfoin ratio. More sainfoin plants died in the winter than during the growing season. Root competition had no effect on survival of sainfoin plants, but shoot competition reduced survival of sainfoin plants during one growing season. Companion grass species had no effect on survival of sainfoin plants, except in the first winter, when fewer sainfoin plants survived when grown with meadow fescue than perennial ryegrass.