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Photoprotective mechanisms in cold-acclimated and nonacclimated needles of Picea glehnii
- Bae, J. -J., Choo, Y. -S., Ono, K., Sumida, A., Hara, T.
- Photosynthetica 2010 v.48 no.1 pp. 110-116
- Picea glehnii, acclimation, air temperature, ascorbate peroxidase, cold, cold treatment, energy, lutein, reactive oxygen species, zeaxanthin
- The response of Picea glehnii, a cold-tolerant species in the boreal zone, to air temperature (T) was investigated for its cold-acclimated needles (i.e. the ones subjected to gradual decrease in T) and nonacclimated needles (i.e. the ones subjected to a sudden decrease in T) were compared under low temperature. Cold-acclimated needles showed a greater increase of zeaxanthin and lutein contents than nonacclimated ones, whereas the nonacclimated needles showed a greater increase of thylakoid-bound ascorbate peroxidase (tAPX) activity than cold-acclimated ones under chilling conditions (after cold acclimation). These results suggest that: (1) low T induces the increase of zeaxanthin and lutein content, and tAPX activity; (2) accumulated zeaxanthin and lutein protect needles from photooxidative stress by dissipating excess energy before the reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed in response to a gradual decrease in T (with cold acclimation and subsequent chilling condition), and by tAPX scavenging ROS formed in the case of a sudden decrease in T (without cold acclimation and chilling condition).