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Paradoxical False Memory for Objects After Brain Damage
- McTighe, Stephanie M., Cowell, Rosemary A., Winters, Boyer D., Bussey, Timothy J., Saksida, Lisa M.
- Science 2010 v.330 no.6009 pp. 1408-1410
- brain damage, cognition, memory, memory disorders, rats
- Poor memory after brain damage is usually considered to be a result of information being lost or rendered inaccessible. It is assumed that such memory impairment must be due to the incorrect interpretation of previously encountered information as being novel. In object recognition memory experiments with rats, we found that memory impairment can take the opposite form: a tendency to treat novel experiences as familiar. This impairment could be rescued with the use of a visual-restriction procedure that reduces interference. Such a pattern of data can be explained in terms of a recent representational-hierarchical view of cognition.