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In vitro cloning of Azadirachta indica from root explants

Arora, K., Sharma, M., Srivastava, J., Ranade, S. A., Sharma, A. K.
Biologia plantarum 2011 v.55 no.1 pp. 164-168
Azadirachta indica, DNA, adenine, benzyladenine, culture media, explants, indole acetic acid, indole butyric acid, plantlets, putrescine, random amplified polymorphic DNA technique, shoots
In vitro cultures of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. were raised by first culturing the root segments on modified Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 8.88 μM 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), 9.84 μM N⁶-(2-isopentenyl) adenine (2iP), 5.71 μM indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), 81.43 μM adenine hemisulphate and 2.27 μM putrescine for 2 d followed by their transfer to the same medium except containing one-tenth of the initially used concentrations of BAP, 2iP and IAA. The regenerated shoots sustained proliferation in the basal medium supplemented with 1.11 μM BAP, 1.43 μM IAA and 135.72 μM adenine hemisulphate. The isolated shoots were rooted to produce plantlets in the presence of 2.46 μM indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). The plantlets showed uniform luxuriant growth under field conditions. True-to-type nature of the field-grown root-regenerated plants was ascertained by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis.