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Biosynthesis of zeaxanthin in recombinant Pseudomonas putida

Beuttler, Holger, Hoffmann, Jana, Jeske, Marcel, Hauer, Bernhard, Schmid, Rolf D., Altenbuchner, Josef, Urlacher, Vlada B.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2011 v.89 no.4 pp. 1137-1147
Escherichia coli, Pantoea ananatis, Pseudomonas putida, additives, biosynthesis, genes, hydrophobicity, lutein, mutants, plasmids, toxicity, transposons, zeaxanthin
Pseudomonas putida KT2440 strain was investigated for biosynthesis of the valuable xanthophyll zeaxanthin. A new plasmid was constructed harboring five carotenogenic genes from Pantoea ananatis and three genes from Escherichia coli under control of an l-rhamnose-inducible promoter. Pseudomonas putida KT2440 wild type hardly tolerated the plasmids for carotenoid production. Mating experiments with E. coli S17-1 strains revealed that the carotenoid products are toxic to the Pseudomonas putida cells. Several carotenoid-tolerant transposon mutants could be isolated, and different gene targets for relief of carotenoid toxicity were identified. After optimization of cultivation conditions and product processing, 51 mg/l zeaxanthin could be produced, corresponding to a product yield of 7 mg zeaxanthin per gram cell dry weight. The effect of various additives on production of hydrophobic zeaxanthin was investigated as well. Particularly, the addition of lecithin during cell cultivation increased volumetric productivity of Pseudomonas putida by a factor of 4.7 (51 mg/l vs. 239 mg/l).