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Factors affecting in vitro propagation and field establishment of Chlorophytum borivilianum

Kumar, A., Aggarwal, D., Gupta, P., Reddy, M. S.
Biologia plantarum 2010 v.54 no.4 pp. 601-606
Chlorophytum borivilianum, DNA, agar, benzyladenine, culture media, cytokinins, gelation, gelling agents, heat, humidity, indole butyric acid, kinetin, light intensity, microsatellite repeats, random amplified polymorphic DNA technique, rooting, shoots, soil, sucrose, temperature, vermicomposts
The effect of plant growth regulators (PGRs), gelling agents, sucrose and heat shock on shoot multiplication, shoot growth, rooting and subsequent survival of Chlorophytum borivilianum Sant. et Fernand was evaluated. Benzyladenine (BA) was found to be better cytokinin over kinetin (KIN) for shoot multiplication. Sucrose concentrations from 116-290 mM in the basal medium (BM) promoted shoot multiplication. Heat shock (50 °C, 1 h) also promoted shoot multiplication at these sucrose concentrations on both BM medium and BM supplemented with 5.0 μM BA. Beneficial effect of sucrose was also observed on rooting of shoots on BM as well as BM supplemented with 5.0 μM indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). Phytagel as a gelling agent was found to be more effective for shoot proliferation and growth compared to agar. Amongst various soil mixtures tested, higher survival of plants was observed in soil containing Vermicompost. It was interesting to note that a maximum plant survival (> 95 %) was observed when plants were directly transferred to net-house (irradiance reduced to 50 % with green net, without humidity and temperature control) than poly-house (with humidity and temperature control). Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) analysis of regenerated plants showed genetic similarity to mother plant.