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Morphological investigation of nanoparticles obtained from combined mechanical shearing, and enzymatic and acid hydrolysis of sisal fibers
- Siqueira, Gilberto, Tapin-Lingua, Sandra, Bras, Julien, da Silva Perez, Denilson, Dufresne, Alain
- Cellulose 2010 v.17 no.6 pp. 1147-1158
- acid hydrolysis, cellulose, cellulosic fibers, enzymatic hydrolysis, enzymatic treatment, nanocrystals, nanoparticles, pulp, sisal, transmission electron microscopy
- The goal of this work was to prepare cellulosic nanoparticles using different processing routes, viz. a combination of mechanical shearing, acid and enzymatic hydrolysis. It was shown that the enzymatic hydrolysis pretreatment of bleached sisal pulp helps the preparation of well individualized rod-like nanocrystals. The morphology of cellulose fibers and nanoparticles was determined by scanning and transmission electron microscopies, respectively. The main outcome of this study indicated the usefulness of the enzymatic treatment for cellulose nanocrystals production. The enzymatic treatment allowed production of a broad range of cellulosic nanoparticles. This investigation proved that the distinction between MFC and whiskers to describe such cellulose nanoparticles is not sufficient. Indeed, it appears essential to indicate the pretreatment performed.