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The catalytic efficiency of trehalose-6-phosphate synthase is effected by the N-loop at low temperatures
- Jiang, Ying, Chen, Xi-Ming, Liu, Ya-Jie, Li, Yuan-Ting, Zhang, Hai-Hong, Dyson, Paul, Sheng, Hong-Mei, An, Li-Zhe
- Archives of microbiology 2010 v.192 no.11 pp. 937-943
- Arthrobacter, alpha,alpha-trehalose-phosphate synthase (UDP-forming), catalytic activity, enzyme activity, genes, glucose, metabolism, recombinant proteins, sequence analysis, stress tolerance, temperature, uridine
- The enzyme OtsA (trehalose-6-phosphate synthase) is ubiquitous in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, where it plays a critical role in stress resistance and glucose metabolism. Here, we cloned the otsA gene from Arthrobacter sp. Cjts, and expressed and then purified the recombinant proteins. Enzyme activity analysis indicated that the high catalytic efficiency of OtsA from Arthrobacter sp. Cjts resulted from the high affinity of the enzyme for uridine 5′-diphosphoglucose (UDP-Glc) at low temperatures. We also confirmed that the N-loop sequence of OtsA has a large effect on its affinity for UDP-Glc. Sequence analysis indicated that the flexibility of the N-loop may be directly related to the catalytic efficiency of OtsA at low temperatures.