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Direct plant regeneration from encapsulated nodal segments of Vitex negundo

Ahmad, N., Anis, M.
Biologia plantarum 2010 v.54 no.4 pp. 748-752
Vitex negundo, acetic acid, artificial seeds, calcium chloride, concentration of production, culture media, encapsulation, germination, kinetin, naphthaleneacetic acid, plantlets, sodium alginate
An efficient protocol for encapsulation of nodal segments of Vitex negundo L. has been developed for the production of non-embryogenic synthetic seeds. The encapsulations of nodal segments were significantly affected by the concentrations of sodium alginate and calcium chloride. A 3 % Na₂-alginate with 100 mM CaCl₂ has been found to be optimum concentration for the production of uniform synthetic seed. For germination, the synseeds were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium supplemented with kinetin (KIN) and α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) either singly or in various combinations. MS medium containing 2.5 μM KIN in combination with 1.0 μM NAA was found to be the optimum for maximum (92.6 ± 3.71 %) plantlet conversion frequency. Well developed regenerated plantlets were hardened, acclimatized and established in field, where they grew well without any detectable variation.